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|Subject: Zwingli||Date: 1/28/2003 7:48 PM|
|Author: GoldRushs||Number: 226 of 301|
It is our conviction that the Reformation of the Christian church and uprising of the famous Protestants of the times was God's work, because the break from the Roman Catholic traditions and papistry happened in different places, through different men, at almost the same time.
Ulrich Zwingli was born in Switzerland in 1484, only seven weeks after Martin Luther was born! These two Reformers would not meet until later in life during the midst of the Protestant movement, but as Luther brought spiritual light to Germany, so Zwingli brought the light of the Holy Scriptures to the Swiss.
In his earlier years, Zwingli was more of a philosopher, interested in the humanities, than a theologian, but he was also a Roman Catholic priest and Pastor in Glorus for ten years. To quote the Christian historian, Philip Schaff, "He (Zwingli) did not pass through a severe stuggle and violent crisis (of conversion) like Luther, but by diligently seeking and searching, he attained to the knowledge of the truth. His conversion was a gradual intellectual process, rather than a sudden breach with the world; but after he once had chosen the Scriptures for his guide, he easily shook off the traditions of Rome, which never had a very strong hold on him."
The Reformation took hold in Zurich, Switzerland in the years 1519-1526 where Zwingli when he served there as chief Pastor, and he publically presented his treatise "Sixty-seven Conclusions" derived from his studies of Scripture, and we post his most important teachings here:
1. All who say that the gospel is nothing without the approbation of the Church, err and cast reproach upon God.
2. The sum of the gospel is that our Lord Jesus Christ, the true Son of God, has made known to us the will of his heavenly Father, and redeemed us by his innocence from eternal death, and reconciled us to God.
3. Therefore Christ is the only way to salvation to all who were, who are, who shall be.
4. Whosoever seeks or shows another door, errs—yea, is a murderer of
souls and a robber.
7. Christ is the head of all believers who are his body; but without him
the body is dead.
8. All who live in this Head are his members and children of God. And this is the Church, the communion of saints, the bride of Christ, the Ecclesia catholica.
15. Who believes the gospel shall be saved; who believes not, shall be damned. For in the gospel the whole truth is clearly contained.
16. From the gospel we learn that the doctrines and traditions of men are of no use to salvation.
17. Christ is the one eternal high-priest. Those who pretend to be highpriests resist, yea, set aside, the honor and dignity of Christ.
18. Christ, who offered himself once on the cross, is the sufficient and perpetual sacrifice for the sins of all believers. Therefore the mass is no sacrifice, but a commemoration of the one sacrifice of the cross, and a seal of the redemption through Christ.
19. Christ is the only Mediator between God and us.
22. Christ is our righteousness. From this it follows that our works are good so far as they are Christ's, but not good so far as they are our own.
24. Christians are not bound to any works which Christ has not commanded. They may eat at all times all kinds of food.
26. Nothing is more displeasing to God than hypocrisy.
27. All Christians are brethren.
28. Whatsoever God permits and has not forbidden, is right. Therefore marriage is becoming to all men.
34. The spiritual [hierarchical] power, so called, has no foundation in the Holy Scriptures and the teaching of Christ.
35. But the secular power [of the state] is confirmed by the teaching and example of Christ.
37, 38. All Christians owe obedience to the magistracy, provided it does not command what is against God.
49. I know of no greater scandal than the prohibition of lawful marriage to priests, while they are permitted for money to have concubines. Shame!
50. God alone forgives sins, through Jesus Christ our Lord alone.
57. The Holy Scripture knows nothing of a purgatory after this life.
58, 59. God alone knows the condition of the departed, and the less he has made known to us, the less we should pretend to know.
66. All spiritual superiors should repent without delay, and set up the
cross of Christ alone, or they will perish. The axe is laid at the root.
Zwingli is remembered for opposing the tradition of priest celibacy; allowing for marriage amongst the clergy, but especially for denying transubstantiation during the partaking of Communion; believing that the bread and wine are symbolical only and ingested as a memorial only in remembrance of the Lord's sacrificial death.
The celebration of Mass was abandoned.
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