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Books & Writing / Words, Words, Words
|Subject: Even legislators need good grammar||Date: 12/27/2012 4:04 PM|
|Author: Eugeneous||Number: 12812 of 13999|
The IL general assembly has a Legislative Reference Bureau. They have produced an ILLINOIS BILL DRAFTING MANUAL. I was looking through it and found it even has grammar rules. I included a snippet from it. I learned there is a 'therefor' and a 'therefore'.
The word "therefor" means for something (such as "The tribunal shall make a decision and give its reasons therefor"). "Therefore" means consequently or for that reason. If you search the statutes for "reasons therefore" as a phrase, you will find a number of places where "therefore" is arguably misused.
In predrafts, you may see "therefore" misused by people who are unaware that "therefor" is a word. If they are insistent about using "therefore" incorrectly, a dictionary may help convince them that "therefor" is the word they want.
Of course, "therefor" is a lawyerism. It can usually be replaced by something easier to understand (such as "The tribunal shall make a decision and give its reasons for the decision").
WHERE, WHEN, IF, IN WHICH
"Where" indicates a place; "when" indicates a time; "if" indicates a condition; "in which" indicates a relative pronoun. Be especially careful in using "where" or "when". Before you use "where" or "when", think about how you are using the word. If you are expressing a condition, use "if" instead. Examples follow:
The notice shall state where (place) persons may obtain copies of the report.
The clerk shall be present when (time) the votes are counted.
If (Not: Where or When) a person dies intestate, the heirs take under the rules of descent and distribution.
The Department shall report all cases in which (Not: where) a finding of abuse or neglect is made.
"Who" is in the nominative case; "whom" is in the objective case. A simple rule of thumb to determine which is correct is to recast the sentence and substitute a pronoun. Use "who" if the nominative pronoun "he", "she", "it", or "they" reads correctly. Use "whom" if the objective pronoun "him", "her", or "them" reads correctly. Examples follow:
A person who is incarcerated for a felony may not vote. ("He" is incarcerated.)
The board must determine who received the most votes. ("He" received votes.)
A person to whom notice must be given may intervene. (Notice is given to "her".)
If you would like to read it in full here is a link to the pdf file. http://www.ilga.gov/commission/lrb/Manual.pdf
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