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Subject:  Re: College prof censorship Date:  2/16/2013  2:07 PM
Author:  CCinOC Number:  671789 of 876450

This [emancipation of the slaves] was a liberal act. Conservatives opposed it...

* sigh *

FeedMeCrap, you're such an infant.

The 13th Amendment to the Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.

The Senate debated and passed the 13th Amendment on April 8, 1864, by a vote of 38 to 6. After initially rejecting the legislation, the House of Representatives finally passed the 13th Amendment on January 31, 1865, by a vote of 119 to 56. On February 1, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln signed a Joint Resolution submitting the proposed 13th Amendment to the states. Finally, on December 18, 1865, Secretary of State William Seward issued a statement verifying the ratification of the 13th Amendment.

Every Republican of the House voted for the final passage of the amendment; not one of them was absent when the vote was taken. Of the 199 members who finally voted for the amendment, 10 were Democrats; their votes were necessary to secure the constitutional two thirds. These men were James E. English, of Connecticut; Anson Herrick, William Radford, Homer A. Nelson, John B. Steele, and John Ganson, of New York; A.H. Coffrotoh and Archibald McAllister, of Pennsylvania; Wells A. Hutchins, of Ohio; and Augustus C. Baldwin, of Michigan. There were 8 Democrats absent when the vote was taken; these were Jesse Lazear, of Pennsylvania; John F. McKinney and Francis C. LeBlond, of Ohio; Daniel W. Voorhees and James F. McDowell, of Indiana; George Middleton and A. J. Rogers, of New Jersey; and Daniel Marcy, of New Hampshire. It is fair to assume that these absentees were not unwilling that the amendment abolishing slavery should prevail, but were not willing to give it their active support.
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