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Author: NoIDAtAll Big funky green star, 20000 posts Old School Fool Add to my Favorite Fools Ignore this person (you won't see their posts anymore) Number: of 189503  
Subject: Re: How to set up a home network? Date: 12/16/2005 10:25 AM
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How to manually setup a small peer-to-peer Local Area Network with Windows 2000/XP when a router is used in the network

Windows XP has a wizard to setup and transfer settings to other PCs on the LAN, but some people have come to TMF's HWTSC board with some problems after trying it. It's up to you if you want to give that a try, but setting it up manually is not that difficult, you will learn more about what's involved and, should you have a problem, you'll be better prepared to troubleshoot the problem and fix it.


Basics:

1) A networking protocol needs to be installed, enabled and, with some protocols, configured in the Properties for My Network Places - Local Area Connection. You also need to have Client for Microsoft Networks and File and Printer Sharing installed and enabled in Properties for your Local Area Connection.

2) Each PC on the network needs a different Computer Name.

3) Both/all PCs need the same Workgroup Name.

4) You need to add a User Name for each User that wishes to logon to the network. And, you need to add both (or all, if more than 2) User Names on both/all PCs.

5) The printer needs a Share Name set in its Properties.

6) The drive(s) (or, optionally, file(s) or folder(s)) that you wish to share with other PCs on the network need a Share Name.

7) You need to Map the shared drive on the Remote PC(s).

8) You need to install the networked printer on the remote PC(s) by running the wizard in Add Printers.

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1) A networking protocol needs to be installed, enabled and, with some protocols, configured in the Properties for My Network Places - Local Area Connection. You also need to have Client for Microsoft Networks and File and Printer Sharing installed and enabled in Properties for your Local Area Connection.

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Either right-click on the My Network Places icon on your desktop and then left-click on Properties or go to Start > Settings > Control Panel and double-click on the Network and Dialup Connections icon.

Once there, right-click on the Local Area Connection icon and left-click on Properties. You should see "Client for Microsoft Networks", "File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks" and "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)" and they all should have a check mark in the box next to them. If not, click on the Install button to install them.

Next, double-click on "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)" to go to its Properties, or highlight it and click on the Properties button. The options in its Properties should be "Obtain an IP address automatically" and "Obtain DNS server address automatically".

Next, click on the Advanced button, then click on the WINS tab. You might as well remove the check mark from Enable LMHOSTS lookup - You won't need that with a router. Change the default setting of "Use NetBIOS setting from the DHCP server" to simply "Enable NetBIOS over TCP/IP" - This setting works better/more reliably. *

Click OK - OK - OK and get back to your desktop. You're done with this part - Do the same on both/all PCs.


*If you will only access your network locally, you may wish to use a networking protocol other than NetBIOS over TCP/IP for some added security. NetBEUI is one protocol that is not routable over the Internet and is a viable alternative for small networks. If you use NetBEUI, you can “Disable NetBIOS over TCP/IP” in the WINS tab in Properties for Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) – Advance button in your Local Area Connection Properties. See Microsoft's instructions for how to install NetBEUI on Windows XP: http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;301041&sd=tech In Windows 2000 you do not need to first add the files mentioned in the above article from the Value Added section of the setup CD. In Properties for you Local Area Connection, simply click on Install > Protocol > NetBEUI protocol. There are no configurable properties to set for NetBEUI. It is a very easy to use, reliable, secure and solid broadcast protocol to use on small network.
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Steps 2 and 3 can be done together before rebooting:


2) Each PC on the network needs a different Computer Name.

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Right-click on My-Computer on your desktop, left-click on Properties, or go to Start > Settings > Control Panel > System icon. Click on the Network Identification tab, then Properties button and enter a unique Computer Name for each PC. Click OK. (2 computers with identical Computer Names cannot be on the same network at the same time.)

3) Both/all PCs need the same Workgroup Name.

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Next click on the Network ID button and run the wizard, choosing "The computer is part of a business network, and I use it to connect to other computers at work." Click Next. Choose "My company uses a network without a domain." Click Next. Enter the Workgroup Name you wish to use (recommended for some added security), or you can leave the workgroup name at the default, "Workgroup". The Workgroup Name must be the same on both/all PCs - You can't access other PCs on a local network if you don't belong to the same Workgroup, any more than you can participate with others in a classroom if you're not all in the same classroom. Click Next, then Click Finished. You'll be prompted to reboot - Click OK, OK and you'll be asked if you want to reboot now - Click OK and let it reboot - You're done with these steps... Do the same on both/all PCs.

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4) You need to add a new User Name for each User that wishes to logon to the network. And, you need to add both (or all, if more than 2) User Names on both/all PCs. (** See Sharing/Permissions at the end of step 6 below for one reason for doing this.)

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Go to Start > Settings > Control Panel > Users and Passwords icon and add a User Name and Password (recommended - You should also set a password for every other user, including the Administrator, for security... Don't forget your password(s)).

Enter the User Names you added for each PC on both/all PCs. Give both/all of the added Users administrator privileges on both/all PCs, at least for now.

Click on the Advanced tab, then click on the Advanced button. Double-Click on the Users folder in the left pane, then double-click on each of the User Name in the right pane and mark the box, "Password never expires.

"You're done with step 4. Go back to your desktop.

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5) The printer needs a Share Name set in its Properties.

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On the PC that's physically connected to the printer, go to Start > Settings > Printers, right-click on the printer's icon and left-click on Sharing (or Properties and then the sharing tab). Change ”Not Shared” to ”Shared As” and enter a Share Name, or use the default.

Click OK - You're done with this step.

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6) The drive(s) (or, optionally, file(s) or folder(s)) that you wish to share need a Share Name.

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On the PC on which you wish to share a drive, folder or file, go into My Computer, right-click on the drive you wish to share (or double-click and right-click on the folder(s)/file(s) you wish to share) and then left-click on Sharing (or left-click on Properties and then the Sharing tab.) Change "Do not share this folder" to "Share this folder." You will notice that there's a default Share Name of the drive's letter followed by $ - You cannot see share names with a trailing $ on a network. Click on the New Share button, enter a Share Name (say, Remote Drive C, for example) and click OK. Be sure that new share name is shown in the Share Name field and click OK again.

** Sharing/Permissions: For security and/or other reasons, you may wish to limit Permissions to access shared folders/drives to (only) specific Users you have installed. To do this, in the Sharing properties for a file, folder or drive, click on the Permissions button, remove “Everyone”, “Add” Users by specific User Name(s) and place a check-mark in the “Permissions” you wish to grant each, “Full Control”, “Change” and/or “Read” (only) – “Allow/Deny”. Click OK – OK.

You're done with this step.

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Note: If you have a software firewall installed and enabled, you will be starting to get notifications from your firewall that the remote PC(s) is/are trying to access the other PC(s) - Be sure to set permission to allow them to do so. The range of Local IP Addresses on a LAN with a router is limited to 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255. You can (and should with automatic assignment of IP addresses by a router) grant permission within your software firewall to that entire range of Local IP Addresses.

*****************************************************************************

7) You need to Map the shared drive on the Remote PC.

--------------------------------

On the/a remote PC, double-click on the My Network Places icon on your desktop, then double-click on "Computers Near Me.” You should then see both/all the PC you are typing on and the other PC(s) in the network, with their respective Computer Names. Double-click on the icon that represents the PC with the shared drive/folder/file(s) to which you wish to connect and then you should be able see the drive/folder/file that you shared, listed by its Share Name. Right-click on it and then click on "Map Network Drive". Choose the Drive Letter you wish to use for it and then click on the Browse button adjacent to the field below the drive letter field. Browse to the drive/folder/file's host PC, highlight the shared drive with the Share Name you set and click OK. In the "folder name" field, you should see: \\the host PC's Computer Name\Drive (or file/folder's) Share Name. Be sure a check mark is in the box, "reconnect at logon", and click Finish. The contents of the mapped drive should then pop up in a window on your desktop. You should also be able to go into My Computer and see the mapped drive listed by the drive letter you chose when you mapped it, plus the share name.

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8) You need to install the networked printer on the remote PC by running the wizard in Add Printers.

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On the remote PC, go to Start > Settings > Printers and double-click on Add Printer. In the wizard, choose Network Printer, click Next, click Next again to "Browse for a printer". You should see the printer listed by its Share Name under the printer's host PC's Computer Name - Double-click on it or highlight it and click the Next button... Follow the prompts from there to complete its installation.

That should be it - Post any problems you might cross on the board.
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