I first encountered the word in the early 1970s in an article by a German psychcologist who said he waas coining the term from a German word for "ghost."If so, that's very odd, because there is already a school of psychology known as Gestalt Psychology. Merriam Webster defines it as “the study of perception and behavior from the standpoint of an individual's response to configurational wholes with stress on the uniformity of psychological and physiological events and rejection of analysis into discrete events of stimulus, percept, and response.”They also cite a first known use of 1924.Google translate says the German word for ghost is Gespenst. It translates the German word gestalt as "shape." It offers several alternative translations (form, figure, character, person, frame, build) but none of them mean ghost.
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