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I have a map on the wall next to me which shows something like this, but is of the entire world.
It is called "This Dynamic Planet" and is compiled by the Smithsonian, USGS, and US Naval Labs, and was sold by the USGS. There might be a mor recent edition.

You probably want something just concentrating on the Middle East though. This map shows the Arabian Plate, along with earthquake & volcano locations - but you have to remember that the earthquakes are in large wide belts across Turkey through Iran. A more detailed map would show major faults, and more in the way of terranes.

Geology regularly affects history. Recently a book has been published (either by the Geological Society or the Geological Association I think) about the Geology of the Western Front (WW1) - detailing how the geology affected the campaigns.

On a field trip to Greece, we went to Thermopylae. The graben has been silting up with a delta to the west. If the Battle of Thermopylae had occurred today, the result would probably be a complete opposite.
The 'new' low-lying land would make the valley far harder to defend.

Then there are lots of cases of geology affecting routes.
The Qanat (irrigation tunnels) of the Middle East tend to follow fault lines - the fault breccia are much easier to dig through.
Or the ancient trade routes across England often follow the limestone ridges. Many of these trade routes survived to medieval times - and some are now long distance footpaths.

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