If you're both earning and paying the interest, then your net gain is zero.Now, that *may* be better than paying interest to another lender, where your net return on that loan is negative. Yes, that's true.BUT, you're *still* losing 8-10% typically on investment returns.So, the net effect is still:401K loan: 0 - investment loss = -9% typically (pre-tax, remember)other loan: varies greatly depending on a lotOkay, let me run some numbers here:You have a $10k balance in your 401(k). Today, you take out a $1000 loan at prime + 1 (currently would be 8.75%, at least until the Fed announces today), to be paid back over 1 year. For convenience sake, let's say you also earn 8.75% on your invested assets (close to your 9% and higher than the 8% I usually use for projections). Let's say there is also a $35 set up fee and a $3 quarterly fee for each quarter after the set up, so over the course of the year, you would pay a total of $44 ($35 plus 3 $3 quarterly fees).For simplicity's sake, we won't consider any other contributions to your 401(k), even though most 401(k)s allow you to make contributions while you have a loan.One year from today, with your loan paid off and the fees taken out, your total balance in your 401(k) will be $10,831If you had just left your $10k balance in, and it had earned 8.75%, you would have $10,875 in your account.Net difference: The $44 in fees.However, assuming that you were borrowing elsewhere, at the same 8.75% rate, you would have paid $875 to another lender.So, your net worth would be actually be $831 less if you borrowed elsewhere, vs. borrowing from your 401(k).The biggest danger with a 401(k) loan is the possibility of defaulting on the loan and having to pay the taxes and penalty on the withdrawal. So having a contingency plan that provides for that is critical.AJ
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