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Interesting link on world wide timber information. http://www.fao.org/forestry/foris/webview/forestry2/index.jsp?siteId=5081&sitetreeId=18927&langId=1&geoId=0

Section re: Germany----->
Germany is a large, densely populated country in central Europe. Forest accounts for nearly a third of the land area and consists principally of high forest with some coppice and coppice with standards. Forests are located mainly in the south, centre and east of the country, with relatively little on the northern plain. Nearly all the forest is available for wood supply. The remainder is unavailable for wood supply mainly for economic reasons. All the forest is classified as semi-natural; there remain no areas undisturbed by man. No areas of plantation are reported, although large parts of the semi-natural forest were originally planted (regeneration or afforestation), and poplars are cultivated intensively in some areas. Two thirds of the volume of growing stock consists of coniferous species, the main species being Norway spruce and Scots pine. Beech and oaks are the commonest broadleaved species. The growing stock per hectare is, as in other central European countries, very high and has been increasing. This has been the result of net annual increment, which on a per hectare basis is the highest in Europe, exceeding annual fellings in recent decades. Over half the forests are publicly owned, partly by the federal States (Länder) and partly by municipalities and communes. The remainder are owned by private individuals. Hunting and recreation are major forest activities.

Land area Forest Cover 2000 Forest Cover Change 1990-2000 Distribution of land cover/use % (1987)
´000 ha ´000 ha ´000 ha/year %/year Forest Other Wooded Land Other land
Germany 34,927 10,740 0 .00 30.7 .0 69.3
Europe 2,259,906 1,039,250 877 .08 46.0 1.3 52.9
World 13,139,618 3,869,453 -9,319 -.24 29.4 11.2 58.6

Land area Forest Cover 2000 Forest Cover Change 1990-2000 Distribution of land cover/use % (1987)
´000 ha ´000 ha ´000 ha/year %/year Forest Other Wooded Land Other land
Germany 34,927 10,740 0 .00 30.7 .0 69.3
Europe 2,259,906 1,039,250 877 .08 46.0 1.3 52.9
World 13,139,618 3,869,453 -9,319 -.24 29.4 11.2 58.6



Forestry in general is organized at the level of the federal states (Bundeslaender), and most of the forest management projects are implemented by the forest administrations of the federal states. The large forest owners are the federal states, but not the federation which owns only about 4 % of the total forest area. Germany is one of the cradles of forest science and forest management in Europe. All forest areas in the country are considered "semi-natural" and managed, i.e. there is not one acre of forest left untouched or virgin, after the long historical development. Forest damage, mainly from air pollution and storms is an important issue for the forestry sector. Air pollution (above all, automobile exhaust and industries) and agricultural runoff are the primary causes of damage to Germany´s forests. About 65 % of forests are under protection, corresponding mainly to the IUCN protection categories III to VI (7.1 million ha, including landscape conservation areas and nature parks); 105 thousand ha are under a protection status, corresponding to the IUCN categories I & II (National Parks and other strictly protected forest areas).

Products and trade
Germany is one of the major markets for forest products in Europe. The country also has a strong forest industry and it is one of the leading producers of wood-based panels and paper in the world. Germany has the largest engineered wood product industry in Europe, which is based partly on sawnwood imports. Two thirds of the paper production is based on imported wood pulp. Paper recycling is well organised in Germany and it is one the largest exporter and consumers of recovered paper.

Christmas trees, venison, berries and mushrooms (for personal requirements) are among the non-wood forest products exploited in German forests. Practically all forest areas are accessible for public (recreation, etc). Only in a few areas is access by road is not allowed for nature conservation reasons. Hunting is strictly regulated by law.

Forest Products Trade of Forest Products

Production Year 1998
Roundwood
Industrial Roundwood
Fuelwood and charcoal

Imports Exports
US $83,767,000 US $31,485,000
Sawnwood (m³)
Wood-based panels (m³)
Wood pulp (MT)
Paper and paperboard (MT)

Web site FAO Forestry - part of World Agricultural Information Centre

;o)













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