Last night I read the introduction and chapter 1 of Locke’s text. Locke’s text was published (also written?) in 1690. Early in in the text he speaks of England’s current king, William, who was called the great restorer. It appears that Locke is speaking of him favorably.Locke also asserts that government “in the consent of the people” is the only lawful government. He also speaks of “just and natural rights”.Curiously, Locke mentions missing papers. I have no idea what he is referring to here. I will look that up.Locke spends the rest of the introduction referring to the writings of Sir Robert Filmer, an English philosopher who justified the divine right of kings.In the First Treatise of government, Locke, so he says (haven’t read it) dissects Filmer’s arguments, which were still popular when Locke was writing in 1690.At the beginning of chapter 1, Locke states the arguments he made in his first treatise, against Filmer.In a key passage he also makes the following points:-all government is the product “only of force and violence”-men live together only by the “rule of beasts,” where only the strong survive.-this condition is constantly violent and chaotic, causing men to look for an alternative.Locke, again referring to his arguments previously made against Filmer, says that he and his supporters must have an alternative view of the origin of government (political power) since they do not accept the premises he just stated (I think this is a fair description of what Locke is saying. Without having read his first treatise, I feel a bit out of the loop in this section.)Locke proceeds to discuss different kinds of power……(will continue….or someone else can jump in)
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