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Cummings writes:

Definite Atonement

When Christ died on the cross for our sins, he died with the intention, not of saving every single person in the whole mass of humanity, but of saving a definite number of people - all those whom the Father had chosen from before the foundation of the world.

Here are some of the numerous passages that support this teaching. "You are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins" (Matthew 1:21). "I lay down my life for the sheep (John 10:15). "I am not praying for the world, but for those you have given me" (John 17:9). "Those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified" (Romans 8:30; emphasis added in the above quotations)

...on the cross Jesus Christ suffered the pains of Hell in the place of his own people.

Christ experienced the arrows of God's wrath upon himself in their stead. None of the arrows of God's judgement will reach Christ's own people. However, if Christ had died to save all, even though it is obvious that all are not saved, then Christ would have failed. God is no longer God. In such a case, Christ could actually save no one. He could only make salvation possible.

No one can bring a charge against God's elect because Jesus is their substitute. He bore the penalty of eternal death in their place (Romans 8:33-35). Christ has shielded them from the arrows of God's judgment. But he hasn't done so for others. These will receive the arrows of God's eternal wrath.

Jesus didn't die to make salvation a possibility for all, but a reality for his own by dying in their place. The question, "For whom did Christ die?" is answered by understanding the purpose of Christ's death. Christ died to actually save his own. The only safety for you is to belong to Christ and be hidden in him from God's judgement (Romans 8:1, 29, 30). In Christ, there is complete safety. Do you belong to Christ?

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