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According to current numbers, the average population per state is 6,432,000. That means 34 are below the average and 17 above (the data includes D of C).

The number of "small" states vs "large" states was roughly equal in the 1770s vs the current 2 to 1 ratio today, giving small states a greater proportion of the power.

Except that's really just skewed by the massive outlier of California, which has six times the average state's population - contrasted with the 1770 most populous state of Virginia, which had only 2.78 times the average. Drop California, and the national average goes to 5.6 million, moving the above/below ratio down to 3 to 2 instead of 2 to 1. Drop Virginia from 1770, and the line doesn't move at all.

The state just below the national average is Missouri, at six million people. That is not a small state. Look, the median U.S. state (by population) today is between Louisiana and Kentucky, about 4.6 million people. Those are not small states. Sure, they're less than the average - because the average is skewed by those super-populous states. We don't really have more "small" states - we just have two "super-sized" states in California and Texas that skew the average. Drop the top two and bottom two, and the mode gets very close to the median again.

The system is still pretty balanced except for California.

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