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And are also more prone to the appeal-to-authority fallacy.

I take it you haven't changed your opinion that all appeals to authority are fallacious. That's wrong. An appeal to authority CAN be a fallacy, but by no means always.

An appeal to authority is not a fallacy when the authority is an expert in the relevant field. The reason is pretty obvious: an expert's opinion is a proxy summary of all the relevant evidence available.

Fallacious appeal to authority: Sean Hannity says climate change is a hoax.

Non-fallacious appeal to authority: 97% of climate scientist have concluded that the earth is warming as the result of greenhouse gases produced by man.

Here's one of many explanations available:

"This argumentative technique is correct when appealing to an expert in the field that you are arguing about; for example, when speaking about ones mental illness, appealing to a psychiatrist would be logically correct and not fallacious, and when speaking about ones teeth, appealing to an orthodontist is also not fallacious.

...When one appeals to authority, but the subject that they are speaking to is outside of that authorities field of expertise, it is fallacious. An experts opinion is only to be appealed to in the field that they are an expert in;..."


http://ds-wordpress.haverford.edu/psych2015/projects/chapter...
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