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No. of Recommendations: 5
Another problem Bill Maher is fond of pointing out is that you have two "Dakotas", and combined they don't reach the population of L.A., yet they get four senators between them while CA gets two.

Its worse than that. You can add in Montana and Wyoming and still not get to the population of the city of Los Angeles. That's 8 Senators for those four states, while CA gets 2.

There are only 4 states with a population larger than the greater LA metro area (NY, FL, TX, and, of course, CA). You could remove the entire LA metro area from CA and CA would still be the second largest state in the union.

It is easy to overlook how sparsely some parts of the country are populated.

On the other hand, it's also important to make sure the interests of the people living in those sparsely populated areas are addressed. So I think that the founders were correct in thinking about this issue and trying to address it. And I also think that their method (2 Senators per state and the electoral college) worked pretty well for a long time.

But we are no longer the same country we were in the 18th and 19th centuries. Particularly in the beginning, we were a group of independent and individual states, who chose to band together for a common good. Today, the power of individual states is greatly lessened. On the world stage, we are a single country, not some federation of separate states. Our central government is much stronger than it was 120 years ago, and the power of the 50 states is much less.

So we have a decision to make. If we want to embrace a more powerful federal government, we need to re-think both the Senate and the electoral college. Or we could choose to reduce the power of the federal government and transfer some power back to the states, leaving the Senate and electoral college roughly as they are. I think there are good reasons for either approach. Unfortunately, each approach will benefit some in the country at the expense of others.

--Peter
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