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I think if you go back to "hunter-gatherer" you will find social groups that are very Marxist. Everyone that can contributes, and everything is shared. I'm not sure at what point stratification occurred, but it seems likely it would have been after different groups came together and settled into the first agricultural villages.Well . . . I am not aware of evidence that hunter-gather groups were Marxist at all. In this hemisphere, we have the earliest Paleo Indian period from the first pioneer settlers to the extinction of large mammals, then the Archaic period from large mammal extinction until agriculture - which happens at very different times in different places. In general, we can refer to what happens after hunter-gatherer as the Developmental period. It is not until this Developmental period that we can really distinguish one cultural group (tribe) from another. Since things like architecture and ceramics and textiles were not developed until the Developmental period, we don't have a lot to look at in terms of hunter-gatherer culture - mostly stone tools and points. We do, however, see some evidence of organization, in mammoth kill sites, for example. We also find some burials/cremation sites - but not many.Because the cultural material is so limited, we don't have a lot to go on, but the earliest cultural groups did show signs of class structure in the sense that burials were not all equal. There was mound building for burial purposes in many places, but indications are that only the elite were buried there. Similarly, work sites like mammoth kill sites show that different types of work were done in different locations and probably by different people.It makes sense that there would be hunters who were more successful than others and that these people would have higher status. They would also be more likely to have influence on the decisions of where to migrate next and when and where to stop. Mostly hunter-gatherer groups were family (or extended family) units. It seems highly unlikely that families at that time were more Marxist or less stratified than families today.
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