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Lawrence,

I think there was slavery in Missouri and Kentucky as well until the Emancipation Proclamation.

That's correct.

I'm finding some inconsistencies in the literature.

>> According to the article that I found last evening on Juneteenth, Missouri and Kentucky formally seceded, but never joined the confederacy and never actually participated in armed rebellion.

>> And the Wikipedia article on the Emancipation Proclamation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emancipation_Proclamation for article) contradicts itself. One paragraph says that it also did not apply to Missouri and Kentucky. Another paragraph indicates that it was even more porous: ... The Proclamation applied only to slaves in Confederate-held lands; it did not apply to those in the four slave states that were not in rebellion (Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and Missouri, which were unnamed), nor to Tennessee (unnamed but occupied by Union troops since 1862) and lower Louisiana (also under occupation), and specifically excluded those counties of Virginia soon to form the state of West Virginia. Also specifically excluded (by name) were some regions already controlled by the Union army. Emancipation in those places would come after separate state actions (as in West Virginia) or the December 1865 ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment, which made slavery and indentured servitude, except for those duly convicted of a crime, illegal everywhere subject to United States jurisdiction.

But, in any case, it was the ratification of the 13th amendment on the 6th of December in 1865, vice the reading of the Emancipation Proclamation in Texas on the 19th of June of the same year, that actually put an end to slavery in the United States. Thus, the 6th of December is the more appropriate date for a national holiday marking the end of slavery.

Norm.
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