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OK, CM001, here's Government101 for you:

Exclusive Powers of the National Government and State Government

National Government
~ Print money
~ Regulate interstate (between states) and international trade
~ Make treaties and conduct foreign policy
~ Declare war
~ Provide an army and navy [a biggie]
~ Establish post offices
~ Make laws necessary and proper to carry out the these powers

State Governments
~ Issue licenses
~ Regulate intrastate (within the state) businesses
~ Conduct elections
~ Establish local governments
~ Ratify amendments to the Constitution
~ Take measures for public health and safety
~ May exert powers the Constitution does not delegate to the national government or prohibit the states from using

In addition to their exclusive powers, both the national government and state governments share powers. Shared powers between the national government and state governments are called concurrent powers. Current powers of the national government and state governments include the ability to:

~ Collect taxes
~ Build roads
~ Borrow money
~ Establish courts
~ Make and enforce laws
~ Charter banks and corporations
~ Spend money for the general welfare
~ Take private property for public purposes, with just compensation

Now, in addition to powers granted, there are powers denied to the National Government and State Governments.

Powers Denied to the National Government and State Governments

National Government
~ May not violate the Bill of Rights
~ May not impose export taxes among states
~ May not use money from the Treasury without the passage and approval of an appropriations bill [this is where libruls and conservatives argue about how YOUR taxes are spent]
~ May not change state boundaries

State Governments
~ May not enter into treaties with other countries
~ May not print money
~ May not tax imports or exports
~ May not impair obligations of contracts
~ May not suspend a person's rights without due process

The delegates to the Constitutional Convention faced a difficult challenge. They wanted to ensure a strong, cohesive central government, yet they also wanted to ensure that no individual or small group in the government would become too powerful. Because of the colonies’ experience under the British monarchy, the delegates wanted to avoid giving any one person or group absolute control in government. Under the Articles of Confederation, the government had lacked centralization, and the delegates didn’t want to have that problem again. To solve these problems, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention created a government with three separate branches, each with its own distinct powers. This system would establish a strong central government, while insuring a balance of power.

The political challenge today is Republicans want to avoid reconstituting the Monarchy and Baracky Owebama wants to be King.
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