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There's been a lot of controversy about Western science's dismissal of the Meridian system, despite certain acupoints being verified and used in the western practise of "Medical acupuncture"

We don't hear about a lot of the research because much of it takes place abroad, but for the last few years, evidence is mounting.

"The Korean scientists studying oriental medicine with biophysical methods injected a special staining dye which coloured the meridians. By injecting the dye onto acupuncture points, they were able to see thin lines. These did not show up at non-acupuncture point sites where there are no meridians. The researchers discovered that the meridian lines are not confined to the skin, but are in fact a concrete duct system through which liquid flows, and that this liquid aggregates to form stem cells.

Previously, scientists used a combination of imaging techniques and CT scans to observe concentrated points of microvascular structures that clearly correspond to the map of acupuncture points created by Chinese energy practitioners in ancient times. In a study published in the Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, researchers used contrast CT imaging with radiation on both non-acupuncture points and acupuncture points. The CT scans revealed clear distinctions between the non-acupuncture point and acupuncture point anatomical structures."
More here http://upliftconnect.com/science-proves-meridians-exist/

http://www.jams-kpi.com/article/S2005-2901%2813%2900208-2/fu...

http://www.healthcmi.com/Acupuncture-Continuing-Education-Ne...

References:
Chenglin, Liu, Wang Xiaohu, Xu Hua, Liu Fang, Dang Ruishan, Zhang Dongming, Zhang Xinyi, Xie Honglan, and Xiao Tiqiao. "X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of the acupoints based on synchrotron radiation." Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena (2013).
Author Affiliations:
1. Liu Chenglin, Wang Xiaohua, Xu Hua; Physics Department of Yancheng Teachers’ College, Yancheng, China.
2. Liu Fang, Dang Ruishan; Anatomy Department of Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
3. Zhang Dongming, Zhang Xinyi; Synchrotron Radiation Research Center of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
4. Xie Honglan, Xiao Tiqiao; Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility of Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Shanghai, China.

Minyoung Hong, Sarah S. Park, Yejin Ha, et al., “Heterogeneity of Skin Surface Oxygen Level of Wrist in Relation to Acupuncture Point,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 106762, 7 pages, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/10a6762.

Yan X H, Zhang X Y, et al. Do acupuncture points exist? [J]. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 54 (2009):N143–N150.

Zhang Y, Yan X H, Liu C L, et al. Photoluminescence of acupuncture points “Waiqiu” in human superficial fascia [J]. J Lumin. 2006, 119-120:96-99.

Julia J. Tsuei, Scientific Evidence in Support of Acupuncture and Meridian Theory: I. Introduction. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine. 1996, 15(3):58-63.

Li Lei, Yau To, Yau Chuen-heung. What Is the Origin of Acupoint. J. Acupunct. Tuina. Sci. 2012, 10 (2):125-127.

Song X J, Zhang D. Study on the manifestation of facial infrared thermography induced by acupuncturing Guangming (GB 37) and Hegu (LI 4) [J]. Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion. 2010, 30(1):51-54.

Liu P, Zhou G Y, Zhang Y, et al. The hybrid GLM? ICA investigation on the neural mechanism of acupoint ST36: An fMRI study [J]. Neuroscience Letters, 2010, 479: 267-271.

Fei L, Cheng H S, et al. The experimental exploration and the research prospects about the material basis and the functional characteristics of the meridian [J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1998, 439(6):658-672.


http://www.slideshare.net/thorntonstreeter/primo-vascularmer...

List of Slides
Primo Vascular/Meridian System 2016

1. The Meridian Channels PrimoVascular System A compilation of Slides from the pioneers researching the meridian system with modern tools. Oschman J, StreeterTWJA, Soh KS, Jones J, Langevin HM, Hp Mae Wan
2. The Primo Vascular System KS Soh et al
3. Early pioneers Bong Han and Soh
4. Primo Vascular System -4- Organ-Surface PVS duct (on the surface of organs) Superficial PVS duct (Acupuncture meridian) Superficial PVS Corpuscle (Acupoints) skin : superficial PVS ducts network surface of organs : OSBHD inside vessels : intra-vascular PVS Intravascular PVS duct
5. Physiological Significance New Circulation System ? Hyaluronic acid, Amino acid, Mono nucleotide, ? Hormone: Adrenalin/noradrenalin Bonghan Granules (sanals) (?˜0.8~2.4µm) containing DNA ? Adult stem cells: cell therapy ? Natural “micro-cell”: gene therapy -5-
6. Primo vascular vessels
7. PrimoVascular/meridian Theory ? Meridian line is not confined to skin, but ubiquitous. ? Meridian is a concrete duct system through which the liquid containing the granules (Sanal :living granule in Korean) flows. ? Sanals aggregate to form cells and cells disintegrated into Sanal. ? Sanals function as totipotent stem cells.
8. Different substructures of PVS exist
9. PVS>Tubule>Striae (Sanals)
10. Staining the PVS Acridine orange stain
11. Fig. 4 Immunohistochemical image of the skin sample of Fig 3. Staining was done by DAPI for nuclei(blue), anti-NF-M antibody for peripheral nerves(red), and RECA-1 antibody for blood vessels(green).One can observe a peripheral nerve ending(PN) and a hair folicle(HF),and blood capillaries(C). Scale bar represents 100µm.
12. Stereomicroscopic view of PVS -14- Fig.1. Stereomicroscopic Images of novel threadlike structures
13. The stereo-microscopic image of a threadlike structure stained by Acian blue (arrow heads).The solution of Alcian blue was injected into the acupoint of ST36(arrow) on the rat skin. An Alcian-blue-stanined threadlike structure (arrow heads) was visualized and proceeded from ST36 point to hypodermis.
14. Electron Microscope: clear view of the physical meridian -16- SEM
15. Nanobiotechnology -17- Flowing Channel of Nanoparticles
16. The stereo-microscopic image of a threadlike structure stained by Acian blue (arrow heads).The solution of Alcian blue was injected into the acupoint of ST36(arrow) on the rat skin. An Alcian-blue-stanined threadlike structure (arrow heads) was visualized and proceeded from ST36 point to hypodermis.
17. Fig. 4 Immunohistochemical image of the skin sample of Fig 3. Staining was done by DAPI for nuclei(blue), anti-NF-M antibody for peripheral nerves(red), and RECA-1 antibody for blood vessels(green).One can observe a peripheral nerve ending(PN) and a hair folicle(HF),and blood capillaries(C). Scale bar represents 100µm.
18. In 1960’s Bong Han Kim showed that new tubular structures exist inside and outside of blood vessel and lymphatic vessel, and on the surface of internal organ as well as under the dermis, which he believed as the traditional meridian lines. Ubiquitous presence of Primo Vascular System
19. PVS a closer look Acridine orange stain
20. PVS and the circulatory system (blood vessel, extra-jugular vein)
21. Extravascular PVS (LymphaticVessel)
22. Organ Surface PVS
23. The Meridians – PrimoVascular System Biofield Viewerimage taken ofleftarmhighlights flowof chi in Primovascularsystem /meridianchannels •Pioneering experiments Voll – EAV Becker – DC potential over meridian. Pierre de Vernejoul - Injected radioactive tracer into acupoints
24. ? Traditional Oriental Medicine. ? Fish bones/ Arrows ? 4500 years in development ? 365 points now about 2000 accepted
25. ? The primoVascular System/ meridians are channels for the organs to communicate with the external environment ? They provide the energy for homeostasis ? The allow the transport of chi/prana to the organs
26. Your whole body becomes electrically connected to the earth through an acupuncture point on the ball of the foot called Kidney 1.The meridians extend throughout your body. Kidney 1
27. The kidney meridian begins at the ball of the foot (1) and extends upward. An internal branch from the kidney (8) connects internally to the urinary bladder (9) and thence to the bladder meridian.
28. Subcutaneous tissue, unidirectional needle rotation. ultrasound scanning acoustic microscopy Same tissue Fixed, embedded, sectioned, stained 1 mm Langevin, HM, et al, 2002. FASEB Journal
29. Acuvision-04 is a microprocessor device for medical diagnostics, based on visualisation of acupoints and is designed for primary screening of diseases.The device provides timely diagnostics, non-invasive and harmless
30. Professor Joie Jones University of California Irvine Worked with Dr. Z.H.Cho in Dept. of Radiological Sciences Used Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to correlate Brain activity with acupuncture points Compared light flash stimulation to acupuncture stimulation in eliciting cortical response Also used Ultrasound to stimulate acupuncture points and found a much faster brain response than could be explained normal neuronal transmission.
31. Cho et al 1998 New finding of the correlation between acupoints and corresponding brain cortices using functional MRI. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95(5):2670-2673. light acupuncture Vision points bladder meridian
32. light sonopuncture 250 msec. 7 ? sec. Vision points bladder meridian Joie Jones Sonopuncture is indistinguishable from needling. Two orders of magnitude faster than any known biological process.
33. Vision points bladder meridian Joie Jones At about 50 MHz there is enhanced attenuation at acupoints. Attenuation is related to elasticity.
34. Proposed mechanical signal transduction and downstream effects of acupuncture needle manipulation at gross and microscopic levels. Helene M Langevin and colleagues Vermont Medical College Applies to all forms of touch therapy.
35. Langevin et al 2001 Biomechanical response to acupuncture needling in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology 91(6):2471-2478 Langevin et al 2001 Mechanical signaling through connective tissue: a mechanism for the therapeutic effects of acupuncture. FASCEB Journal 15(2):2275-2282 Langevin et al 2002 Evidence of connective tissue involvement in acupuncture. FASCEB Journal 16(8):872-876 Langevin HM,Yandow JA, 2002. Relationship of acupuncture points and meridians to connective tissue planes. Anatomical Record 269:257-265
36. Langevin HM, Yandow JA, 2002. Relationship of acupuncture points and meridians to connective tissue planes. Anatomical Record 269:257-265.
37. Acupoints have a polygonal structure. Points rotate when needle is inserted. Top and bottom halves twist in opposite directions.
38. Stimulation of point 67 causes proximal points to rotate in sequence, with a few seconds delay between each point.
39. Proposed mechanical signal transduction and downstream effects of acupuncture needle manipulation at gross and microscopic levels. The lung meridian on the lateral border of the biceps is a good example and may coincide with some of the connective tissue planes.
40. “The acupoints feel like depressions that enable me to contact several fascial layers at once. It feels like putting your finger into a cone. Initially there is more tension in the tissue when you try to twist in one direction compared to the opposite direction. After the tissue has released, the resistance to twisting is the same in both directions.” ? Stanley Rosenberg, Denmark
41. Waves traveling down a Coaxial Cable These are actually type 2 waves, if ends are not properly terminated they radiate scalar waves
42. f MRI Assessment of Acupuncture
43. Radiographic studies using scintiphotography: a radioactive dye, technetium-99, injected into a meridian, flow linearly along the meridian pathway and well up into small circles at the classical acupuncture points. Darras JC, deVernejoul P, Albarede P, et al. Nuclear medicine investigation of transmission of acupuncture information. Acupuncture Med. 1993; 11:22- 28.
44. Stomach meridian after moxibustion near left shoulder blade.
45. Bladder meridian after moxibustion
46. In every culture and in every medical tradition before ours, healing was accomplished by moving energy. •Albert Szent-Györgyi
47. Acupuncture meridians ? Primary channels through the living matrix ? High speed communication ? Reach into every part of the organism
48. Atomic Force Microscope Bonghan microcell cycle (Bonghan Kim, 1965) -69- (1) All the morphological components of organism are ceaselessly reproduced. (2) The self-reproduction of organism takes the form of Bonghan microcell-cell cycles. (3) The self-reproduction of organism is performed by the acupuncture-meridian system. Theory of Bonghan Microcell
49. AFM image of Bonghan microcell A Topography, B Error, C Magnified of B, D line profile 1.4 um x 1um x 350nm sized oval Bonghan microcell. It shows clearly unique surface structure of layers and portions (B & C) whose size is from 0.2um to 0.6 um in diameter. The line profile analysis shows that the common patterns on the surface are steps of about 20nm height. This pattern is thought to be revealing the stereotype of its membrane structure. -70-20nm A B C D
50. Sanals by Acridine Orange Anemia induced method, PHD inj. for 3 days. Rabbit, female, 2.5kg, 10weeks X1000, scale bar=10um Centrifugal separation method, acridine orange
51. Model of Sanal cycle by Bong Han Kim
52. Sanals and Cell interconverted?
53. Observation of Sanals
54. Sanal observation byTEM
55. Sanals in PrimoVascular System
56. Two Sanals stacked?
57. Sanals proliferate by budding?

With many thanks to tru2me who posted the initial article on TMFUK's Mind Body Spirit board.

Rune
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