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You asked: Can you name anything else that arises out of complexity that has properties that are totally absent in the component parts? MPG is something that arises out of the complexity of automobiles with properties that are totally absent in the component parts.

The bolded part is demonstrably not true.

Can you get MPG from any collection of parts? I don't think so. No matter how much you mix and heat flour, yeast, eggs, and water, you are not going to get an SUV or a product where miles-per-gallon is relevant. Similarly, while automobile parts can be combined to give you MPG it will never lead to the emergence of bread.

So while the whole might be greater than the parts, fact is that the parts are limited in what wholes they can produce. That limitation is based on the properties of the parts. In other words, what can emerge from a collection of parts is dependent upon and limited by the properties of those parts, and that is because those properties contribute toward and are essential for the end product.

I'm sure if you think about it you will see that MPG is dependent on the parts having certain properties like combustibility, mobility, the capacity to withstand heat, etc. Tires have properties more relevant to MPG than chicken eggs do. This is why tires are often associated with MPG while eggs are not.

Bears repeating. The properties of the component parts matter, even with emergence. That's because the properties of the components are essential to the whole that is produced. MPG doesn't exist without a liquid that can readily produce energy being one of the parts.
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